PE firms have a PR angle that says they employ a lot of people and the firms they maange will go to the wall if they don't get help, so costing a lot of jobs....but why might these firms go to the wall?
A - PE firms took big bets in recent years on retail, see the margins for turning around a struggling industry business could be more than 20%. Covid has ruined this position so now PE firms are saddled with bad investments.
B - PE firms generally buy companies, load them with debt, pay it off and then sell of float them. OK, they claim to add some management pizzazz and to some extent it is true as occasionally they will invest in new IT or some such to improve operating margins to reduce debt, but not too often if they can help it. Now their investments are saddled with debt that will be hard to even service. A nice Government bail-out
will save their equity position will help to keep the companies alive.
However, the Government is in a bind, it has huge pressure on it not to bail-out companies based in tax havens, so many US PE firms with their Cayman or BVI structures will be challenged. Also, at some point the accountants who advice Mr Sunak are going to have to give him the bad news about running out of our grandchildren's money.
But if the Government is going to be bribed into going down this route anyway, I can suggest a few tweaks to the investments that will enable them to work in the medium-term:
1 - Wipe out chunks of the PE equity in return for the bailouts, it is only fare the investors take the hit here. The PE firms should be allowed to remain in, but if a business is saved with state money, then it should turn any future profit back to the State relative to its investment level.
2 - Insist with this debt for equity swap, that there are strong leverage limits for total debt. There is no point lending to companies saddled with so much debt that they are zombies and unlikely ever to be able to repay. Remember too, much of this debt is effectively profit in advance taken by the PE houses anyway. We don't need more RBS type investments where decades will pass before breakeven. In the Covid era, 100% debt to turnover or more should be a no-no.
3 - Be tough, change the above criteria dependent on industry sectors, bailing-out retail leisure is high risk and thus should be high reward, bailout of say a bank is less risky in this particular economic crash.
4 - Size does not matter, just because PE have bought a big bet, does not make it better than a smaller company. Small companies are the bedrock of our economy, they should have access to bailout investments too.